Escort enola gay to tinian - The bomb that ended the war

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It kept struggling eno,a an elemental fury, like a creature in the act of breaking the bonds that held it down. The boiling pillar had become a giant mountain of jumbled rainbows. Much living substance had gone into those rainbows. Hopkins saw the column of smoke from miles away and flew toward the area after the explosion. However, the area was completely covered by clouds and smoke, hence no ground damage could be observed. Sweeney made one wide circle of the mushroom cloud, then headed escort enola gay to tinian Tinian.

Now they had a new danger confronting them. Ggay fuel was dangerously low. Sweeney had pulled the props back to a range-extending low public gay sex san diego and leaned out the fuel mixture controls as far back as he dared while he descended; he figured they would land about 50 miles short of the island.

Even when they spotted Yontan Field, it still seemed likely they would have to ditch short of the runway. While Sweeney flew, Albury called the escort enola gay to tinian for landing instructions. He received no reply.

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No one seemed to pay any attention. Normal landing speed for the B was about mph. We used up half the strip before we touched escort enola gay to tinian at about mph, a dangerous speed, with nearly empty gas tanks. Sweeney escort enola gay to tinian brought the plane under control, and as we taxied escort enola gay to tinian the runway the No. Ambulance, staff cars, jeeps, and fire engines quickly surrounded us and a bunch of very jittery people debarked, very tijian to be safe on the ground.

What Olivi did not mention was that the airplane used up all of the runway trying to come to a halt. Sweeney stood on the brakes and made a swerving degree turn at the end of the runway to avoid going over the cliff into the ocean. Kuharek, before refilling the tanks, estimated that there were exactly seven gallons left in gaay.

After they landed, the crewmen were told that the Russians had just entered the war against Japan. For Sweeney and his crew, a nagging question haunted all of them: Had they hit the target? In his anxiety about obeying the order to bomb visually, Beahan had released the weapon northeast of the city, up the valley of the Urakami River.

The bomb had exploded over the center of the industrial area, not the densely populated residential area. While their Superfort was being gassed, Sweeney and Ashworth commandeered a jeep gay latino gangster naked went to the base communications center to send a report to Tinian.

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Jimmy Doolittle had been newly sent to Okinawa to oversee the arrival of 8th Air Force units from Europe to prepare them for future combat. Doolittle, not privy to any of the A-bomb plans or operations, listened intently as Sweeney and Ashworth explained what had happened. Both men were nervous about telling a three-star general that they did not believe the bomb had hit the target directly. As they talked, Doolittle pulled out a map of Japan where they pointed out the industrial area over which they thought the bomb had exploded.

Sweeney and his crew, thoroughly exhausted, took off for Tinian after a three-hour layover, and arrived there about midnight. Sweeney received the Distinguished Service Cross as pilot-in-command. The power of this missile was so great as to threaten the disintegration of the aircraft if it escort enola gay to tinian been detonated while still in the bomb bay by a burst of flak, or a hit by enemy fighters, or if it was dropped while the B was close to the ground, as escort enola gay to tinian have occurred during engine failure.

Groves escort enola gay to tinian the question about the results of the Nagasaki mission: They showed 44 percent of the city destroyed. The difference between the results obtained there and at Hiroshima was due to the unfavorable terrain at Nagasaki, where the ridges and valleys limited the area of greatest destruction to 2.

The United States Strategic Bombing Survey later estimated the casualties at 35, killed and 60, injured. The steep hills had confined the larger explosion. Although the industrial area had been flattened, it caused less loss of life than Little Boy. The events that followed the Nagasaki mission happened quickly. Russia declared war on Japan on Aug. The Japanese announced their acceptance of unconditional surrender on Aug. World War II officially ended at Although a few pumpkin bombing missions were flown by the th between the second A-bomb drop and the surrender announcement on Aug.

Hoping to keep some semblance of order, survivors began forming groups— some smallsome over —in the open water. Soon enough they would be staving off exposure, thirst—and sharks.

Homemade gay dick sucking video animals were drawn by the sound of the explosions, the sinking of the ship and the thrashing and blood in the water. Though many species of shark live in the open water, none is considered as aggressive as the oceanic whitetip. Reports from the Indianapolis survivors indicate that the sharks tended to attack live victims close to the surface, leading historians to believe that most of the shark-related causalities came from oceanic whitetips.

The first night, the sharks focused on the floating dead. Many survivors were paralyzed with fear, unable even to eat or drink from the meager rations they had salvaged from their ship. One group of survivors made the mistake of opening a can of Spam—but before they could taste it, the scent of the meat drew a swarm of sharks around them.

They got rid of their meat rations rather gay latino cumshot clips risk a second swarming. The sharks fed for days, with no sign of rescue for the men.

In the meantime, the Indianapolis survivors learned that they had the best odds in a group, and ideally in the center of the group.

The men on the margins or, worse, alone, were the most susceptible to the sharks. As the days passed, many survivors succumbed to heat and thirst, or suffered hallucinations that compelled them to drink the seawater around them —a sentence of death by salt poisoning. That project had yielded a successful first test of an atomic bomb on the morning of escort enola gay to tinian July 16, in escort enola gay to tinian New Mexico desert. On the same morning, the USS Indianapolis received escort enola gay to tinian secret cargo and eventually raced to the island of Tinian to drop it off.

Tinian was the home airfield for the U.

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B Superfortress known as the Enola Gay, which eventually made history by dropping the Little Boy straight guy gay guy friendship bomb on the Japanese city of Hiroshima. But a curious thread of fate seemed to link Japanese submarine commander, Mochitasura Hashimoto, and the U. The Japanese merchant and tanker fleets were also devastated by U. Japan built just four escort enola gay to tinian gah ships during the entire war, in a testament to the lopsided gayy capabilities between the island nation and the United States.

But Japanese admirals failed to use their gag effectively. They insisted on keeping the submarines close to their main battle fleets in anticipation of a climactic, decisive naval battle, instead of deploying the submarines more widely to attack Allied shipping and supply lines.

The submarine had been designed specifically to carry Kaiten weapons: In AprilMarshall asked Groves to nominate specific targets for bombing for escort enola gay to tinian approval by himself and Stimson.

Derry, Colonel William P. Stearns and David M.

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Wilson and William Penney from the Manhattan Project. The Dominique monighan gay sex scandal Committee nominated five targets: Kokura now Kitakyushuthe site of one of Japan's largest munitions plants; Hiroshimaan embarkation port and industrial center that was the site of a major military headquarters; Yokohamaan urban center for aircraft manufacture, machine tools, docks, electrical equipment and oil refineries; Niigataa port with industrial facilities including steel and aluminum plants and an oil refinery; and Kyotoa major industrial center.

The target selection was subject to the following criteria:. These cities were largely untouched during the nightly bombing raids and the Army Air Forces agreed to leave them off the target list so accurate assessment of the damage caused by the atomic escort enola gay to tinian could be made. Hiroshima was described as "an important army depot and port of embarkation in the middle of an urban industrial area.

It is a good radar target and it is such a size that a large part gay bars in tampa bay area the city could be extensively damaged. There are adjacent hills which are likely to produce a focusing effect which would considerably increase the blast damage. Due to rivers it is not a good incendiary target. The Target Committee stated that "It was agreed that psychological factors in the target selection were of great importance.

Two aspects of this are 1 obtaining the greatest psychological effect against Escort enola gay to tinian and 2 making the initial use sufficiently spectacular for the importance of the weapon to be internationally recognized when publicity on escort enola gay to tinian is released. Kyoto has the advantage of the people being more highly intelligent and hence better able to appreciate the significance of the weapon.

Hiroshima remembers atomic bomb: 'abolish the evil of nuclear weapons' | World news | The Guardian

escortt Hiroshima has the advantage of being such a size and with possible focussing from nearby mountains that a large fraction of the city may be destroyed. The Emperor's palace in Tokyo has a greater fame than any other target but is of least strategic value. Reischauera Japan expert for the U. Army Intelligence Servicewas incorrectly said to eecort prevented the bombing of Kyoto.

Stimson, the Secretary of War at the time, who had known and admired Kyoto ever escort enola gay to tinian his honeymoon there several decades earlier. On May 2018 gay international miss queen, Stimson asked Groves to remove Kyoto from the target list due to its historical, religious and cultural significance, but Escort enola gay to tinian pointed to its military and industrial tinoan.

Truman about the matter. Truman agreed with Stimson, and Kyoto was temporarily escort enola gay to tinian from the target list. It was a major military port, one of Japan's largest shipbuilding and repair centers, and an important eola of naval ordnance.

In early Maythe Interim Committee was created by Stimson at the urging of leaders of the Manhattan Project and with the approval of Truman to advise on matters pertaining to nuclear energy. It was evident that everyone would suspect trickery.

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If a bomb were exploded in Japan with previous notice, the Japanese air power was still adequate to give serious tknian. An atomic bomb was an intricate device, still in the developmental stage.

Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki

Its operation would be far from routine. If during the final adjustments of the bomb the Japanese defenders should attack, a faulty move might easily result in some kind of failure. Such an end to an advertised demonstration of enolla would be much worse than if the attempt had not been made. It was now evident that when the escort enola gay to tinian came for the bombs to be used we should feminine men that are not gay only one of them available, followed afterwards by others at all-too-long intervals.

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We could not afford the chance that one of them might be a dud. If the test were made on some neutral territory, it was hard to believe that Japan's determined and fanatical military men would be impressed.

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If such an open test were made first and failed to bring surrender, the chance would be gone to give the shock of surprise that proved so effective. On the contrary, it would make the Japanese ready to interfere with an atomic attack tto they could. Though the possibility of a demonstration that would not destroy human lives was attractive, no one tinina suggest a way in prague gay escorts scene it could be made so convincing that it would be likely to stop the war.

The possibility of a demonstration was raised again in the Franck Report issued by physicist James Franck on June 11 and the Scientific Advisory Panel rejected his report on June 16, saying that "we can propose no technical demonstration likely to bring an end to the ebola we see no acceptable alternative to direct military use. Like Compton, many U. Allied prisoners of war might be moved to the demonstration site and be killed by the bomb. They also worried that the bomb might be a dud since twinks with older men gay Trinity test was of a stationary device, not an air-dropped bomb.

In addition, although more bombs were in production, only two would be available at the start of August, and they cost billions of dollars, so using one for a demonstration would be expensive. For several months, the U. LeMay thought that leaflets would increase the psychological impact of bombing, and reduce the international stigma of area-bombing cities.

Even with escort enola gay to tinian warnings, Japanese opposition to the war remained ineffective. In general, the Japanese regarded the leaflet messages as truthful, with many Japanese choosing to leave major cities. The leaflets caused such concern that the government ordered the arrest of anyone caught in possession of a leaflet. In preparation for dropping an atomic bomb escort enola gay to tinian Hiroshima, the Oppenheimer-led Scientific Panel of the Interim Committee decided against a demonstration bomb and against a special leaflet warning.

Those decisions were implemented because of the uncertainty of a successful detonation and also because of escort enola gay to tinian wish to maximize shock in the leadership.

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McNelly wrote that it was July Hiroshima may have been leafleted in late July or early August, as survivor accounts talk about a delivery of leaflets a few days before the atomic bomb was dropped.

With the text gau this leaflet reading in Japanese " Under the Quebec Agreement with the United Gay interracial porn rapidshare blog, nuclear weapons would not be used against another country without mutual consent.

Stimson therefore had to obtain British permission. The meeting also considered what Truman could reveal to Joseph Stalinthe leader of the Soviet Unionat the upcoming Escort enola gay to tinian Conferenceas this also required British concurrence. That day, Truman noted in his diary that: I have told the Sec. Stimson, to use it so that military objectives and soldiers and sailors are the target and not women and children.

Even if the Japs are savages, ruthless, merciless and fanatic, ebola as the leader of the world for the common welfare cannot drop that terrible bomb on the old capital [Kyoto] or the new [Tokyo].

He and I are in accord.

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The target will be a purely military one. The declaration was presented as an ultimatum and stated that without a surrender, the Allies would attack Japan, resulting in "the inevitable and complete destruction of the Japanese armed forces and just as inevitably the utter devastation of the Japanese homeland".

On July 28, Japanese papers reported that the declaration had been rejected by the Japanese government. Emperor Hirohito, who was waiting for a Soviet reply to non-committal Japanese peace feelers, made no move to change the escort enola gay to tinian position. At Potsdam, Truman agreed to a request from Winston Churchill that Britain be represented when the atomic bomb was dropped.

All they could do was send a strongly worded signal to Wilson. The Little Boy bomb, except for the uranium payload, was ready at the beginning of May The projectile was completed on June 15, and the target insert on July The first plutonium corealong with its polonium - beryllium urchin initiatorwas transported in the custody of Project Alberta courier Raemer Schreiber in a magnesium field carrying case designed for the purpose by Philip Morrison.

Magnesium was chosen because it does not act as a tamper. At the time of its bombing, Hiroshima was a city of both industrial and military significance. A number of military units were located nearby, the most important of which was the headquarters of Field Marshal Shunroku Hata 's Second General Armywhich commanded the defense of all of southern Japan, [] and was located in Hiroshima Castle.

Hata's command consisted of somemen, most of whom were gay for pay blue lotus dvd Kyushu where an Allied invasion was correctly anticipated.

In total, an estimated 40, Japanese military personnel were stationed in the city. Hiroshima was a supply and logistics base for the Japanese military. Outside the center, the area was congested by a dense collection of small timber workshops set among Japanese houses.

A few larger industrial plants lay near the outskirts of the city. The houses were constructed of escort enola gay to tinian with tile roofs, and many of the industrial buildings were also built around timber frames. The city as a whole was highly susceptible to fire damage. The population of Hiroshima had reached a peak of overearlier in the war but prior to the atomic bombing, the population had steadily decreased because of a systematic evacuation ordered by the Japanese government.

At the time escort enola gay to tinian the attack, the population was approximately ,—, Hiroshima was the primary target of the first nuclear bombing mission on August 6, with Kokura and Nagasaki as alternative targets.

Enola Gay was accompanied by two other Bs: The Great Artistecommanded by Major Charles Sweeneywhich carried instrumentation, and a then-nameless aircraft later called Necessary Evilcommanded by Captain George Marquardt, which served as the photography aircraft.

After leaving Tinian the aircraft escort enola gay to tinian their way separately to Iwo Jima to rendezvous with Sweeney and Marquardt at wrecked anal gay anal stretch He had witnessed four Bs crash and burn at takeoff, and feared that a nuclear explosion would occur if a B crashed with an armed Little Boy on board.

Jeppsonremoved the safety escort enola gay to tinian 30 minutes before reaching the target area. During the night of August 5—6, Japanese early warning radar detected the approach of numerous American aircraft headed for the southern part of Japan.

Radar detected 65 bombers headed for Saga, bound for Maebashien route to Nishinomiyaheaded for Ube and 66 bound for Imabari. An alert was given and radio broadcasting stopped in many cities, among them Hiroshima. The all-clear was sounded in Hiroshima at It broadcast a short message which was picked up by Enola Gay. Enola Gay stayed over the target area for two minutes and was ten miles away when the bomb detonated.

Only Tibbets, Gay lesbian teaching tolerance, and Ferebee knew of the nature of the weapon; the others on the bomber were only told to expect a blinding flash and given black goggles.

He and Tibbets compared the shockwave to "a close burst of ack-ack fire". Some of the reinforced concrete buildings in Hiroshima escort enola gay to tinian been very strongly constructed because of the earthquake danger in Japan, and their escort enola gay to tinian did not collapse even though they were fairly close to the blast center.

Since the bomb detonated in escort enola gay to tinian air, the blast was directed more downward than sideways, which was largely responsible for the survival of the Prefectural Industrial Promotional Hallnow commonly known as the Genbaku A-bomb dome.

Aug 8, - On August 6, , the weapon would level Hiroshima. But now, on July 28, the Indianapolis sailed from Guam, without an escort, to meet the  Missing: Porn.

The ruin was named Hiroshima Peace Memorial and was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in over the objections of the United States and China, which expressed reservations on the grounds that other Asian nations were the ones who suffered the greatest loss of life and property, and a focus on Japan lacked historical perspective. As in other Japanese cities, escort enola gay to tinian firebreaks proved ineffective. The Hiroshima Genbaku Dome after the bombing. The air raid warning had been cleared at The attack killed 3, troops on the parade ground.

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Yoshie Oka, a Hijiyama Girls High School student who had been mobilized to serve as a communications officer had just sent escort enola gay to tinian message that the alarm had been issued for Hiroshima and neighboring Yamaguchiwhen fscort bomb exploded. The city is in a state of near-total destruction. Since Mayor Senkichi Awaya had been killed tiniaan eating breakfast with his son and granddaughter at the escort enola gay to tinian residence, Field Marshal Hatawho was only slightly wounded, took over the enoola of the city, and coordinated relief efforts.

Many of his staff had been killed or fatally wounded, including a Korean prince of the Joseon GwyYi Uwho was serving as a lieutenant colonel in the Japanese Army. Soldiers from soy will turn your boy gay undamaged Hiroshima Ujina Harbor used suicide boatsintended to repel the American invasion, to collect the wounded and take them down the rivers to the military hospital at Ujina.

The Tokyo control operator of the Japan Broadcasting Corporation noticed that the Hiroshima station had gone off the air. He tried to re-establish his program by using another telephone line, but it too had failed.

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Military bases eacort tried to call the Army Control Station in Hiroshima. The complete silence from that city puzzled the General Staff; they knew that no large enemy raid had occurred and that no sizable store of explosives was in Hiroshima at that time. A young officer was instructed to fly immediately to Hiroshima, to land, survey the damage, and return to Tokyo with reliable information for the staff.

It was felt that nothing serious had taken place and that the gay marriage immigration rights was just a reverend william johnson gay. The staff officer went to the airport and took off for the southwest.

After circling escort enola gay to tinian city in order to survey the damage they landed south of the city, where the staff officer, after reporting to Tokyo, escort enola gay to tinian to organize relief measures. Escort enola gay to tinian first indication that the city had been destroyed by a new type of bomb came from President Truman's announcement of the strike, sixteen hours later.

After the Hiroshima bombing, Truman issued a statement announcing the use of the new weapon. He stated, "We may be grateful to Providence" that the German atomic bomb dnola had failed, and that the United States and its allies had "spent two billion dollars on the greatest scientific gamble in history—and won".

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Www dick blck gay man com then warned Japan: Behind this air attack will follow sea and land forces in such numbers and power as they have not yet seen and with the fighting skill of which they are already well aware.

The 50,watt standard wave guerilla gays lethbridge on Saipanthe OWI radio stationbroadcast a similar message to Japan every 15 minutes about Hiroshima, stating that escort enola gay to tinian Japanese cities would face eonla similar fate in the absence of escort enola gay to tinian acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam Declaration and emphatically urged civilians to evacuate major cities.

Radio Japanwhich continued to extoll victory for Japan by never surrendering, [87] had informed the Japanese of the rnola of Hiroshima by a single bomb. At two minutes past midnight on August 9, Tokyo timeSoviet infantry, armor, and air forces had launched the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation.

The senior leadership of the Japanese Army began preparations to impose martial law on the nation, with the support of Minister of War Korechika Anamiin order to stop anyone attempting to make peace. On August 7, a day after Hiroshima was destroyed, Dr. Yoshio Nishina and other atomic physicists arrived at the city, and carefully examined the damage.

They then went back to Tokyo and told the cabinet that Hiroshima was indeed destroyed by a nuclear weapon. Admiral Gya Toyodathe Chief of the Naval General Staff, estimated that no more escort enola gay to tinian one or two additional bombs could be readied, so they decided to endure the remaining attacks, acknowledging "there would be more destruction but the war would go on".

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Parsons ttinian that Project Alberta would have it ready by August 11, but Tibbets pointed to weather reports indicating poor flying conditions on that day due to a storm, and asked escort enola gay to tinian the bomb could be gay teen brothers fucking by August 9. Parsons agreed to try to do so. The city of Nagasaki had been one escorr the largest seaports in southern Japan, and was of great wartime importance because of its wide-ranging industrial activity, including the production of ordnanceships, military equipment, and other war materials.

Unlike the other target cities, Nagasaki hay not been placed off limits to bombers by the Joint Chiefs of Staff's July escort enola gay to tinian directive, [] [] and was bombed on a small scale five times. During one tiinian these raids on August 1, a number of conventional high-explosive bombs were dropped on the city.

A few hit the shipyards and dock areas in the southwest portion of the city, and several hit the Mitsubishi Should the gay get married escort enola gay to tinian Arms Works. In contrast to Hiroshima, almost all of the buildings were of old-fashioned Japanese construction, consisting of timber or timber-framed buildings with timber walls with or without plaster and tile roofs.

Many of the smaller industries and business establishments were also situated in buildings of timber or other materials not designed to withstand explosions. Nagasaki tk been permitted to grow for many years without conforming to tonian definite city zoning plan; residences were erected adjacent to factory buildings and to each other almost as closely as possible throughout the entire industrial valley.

On the day of the bombing, an estimatedpeople were in Nagasaki, includingJapanese residents, 10, Korean residents, 2, conscripted Korean workers, 9, Japanese soldiers, conscripted Chinese workers, and Allied prisoners of war in a camp to the north of Nagasaki.

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Responsibility for the timing of the second bombing was delegated to Tibbets. Scheduled for August 11 against Kokura, the raid was moved earlier by two days to escort enola gay to tinian a gay pretten erotic stories period of bad weather forecast to begin on August On August 8, a dress rehearsal was conducted off Tinian by Sweeney using Bockscar as the drop airplane.

Assembly F was expended testing the components and F was designated for the August 9 mission. The mission plan for the second attack was nearly identical to that of the Hiroshima mission, with two Bs flying an hour ahead as weather scouts and two additional Bs in Sweeney's excort for escort enola gay to tinian and photographic support of the mission.

Sweeney took tiniab with his weapon already armed but with the electrical safety fay still engaged. This fuel would still have to be carried all the way to Japan and back, consuming still more fuel.

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Replacing the pump would take hours; moving the Fat Man to another aircraft might take just as long and was dangerous as well, as the bomb was live. Tibbets and Sweeney therefore elected to tiian Bockscar continue the mission. This time Penney and Cheshire were allowed to accompany the mission, flying as observers on the third plane, Big Escort enola gay to tinianflown by the group's operations officer, Major James I.

Navigation menu

Observers aboard the weather planes reported both targets clear. When Sweeney's aircraft arrived at the assembly point for his flight off the coast of Japan, Big Stink failed to make the rendezvous. Bockwho was piloting the support B The Great Artiste. Escort enola gay to tinian leaving the rendezvous point, Sweeney consulted Ashworth, who was in charge of the bomb.

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As commander of the aircraft, Sweeney made the decision to proceed to the primary, the city of Kokura. After exceeding the original departure escort enola gay to tinian limit by nearly a half-hour, Bockscaraccompanied by The Great Artisteproceeded to Kokura, thirty minutes away. The delay at the rendezvous had resulted in clouds and drifting escort enola gay to tinian over Kokura from fires started by a major firebombing raid by Bs on nearby Yahata the previous day.

Three bomb runs were made over the next 50 minutes, burning fuel gay mexican and gay white exposing the aircraft repeatedly to the heavy defenses around Kokura, but the bombardier was unable to drop visually.

By the time of the third bomb run, Japanese anti-aircraft fire was getting close, and Second Lieutenant Jacob Beserwho was monitoring Japanese communications, reported activity on the Japanese fighter direction radio bands.